The 2010 Human Development Report of the UN has shown improvement in Sri Lanka’s Human Development record.
The 20th anniversary issue of the Human Development Report titled “The Real Wealth of Nations; Pathways to Human Development” is being launched globally today, under the patronage of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. It includes the HDI rankings of 169 countries. Norway, Australia, New Zealand and the U.S.A, occupy the top 4 spots of the list and have been labeled as “Very High Human Development Countries,” along with the 38 other countries that have been listed in this category. Sri Lanka, along with India, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia and 37 other countries have been listed as “Medium Human Development Countries.” Sri Lanka ranks 91 on the index while India, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia have been ranked as 119, 92, 97, and 108 respectively. Sri Lanka’s HDI has progressively increased up to 0.659 in 2010 compared to 0.513 in 1980. This increase is mainly due to favourable social indicators of literacy and life expectancy. Sri Lanka is also recorded to have a considerably high level of gender equality, especially regarding maternal health standards and educational opportunities for women. There are several areas including the labour force participation and parliamentary representation for women, in which Sri Lanka is still lagging.