Among the many reverberations of President Barack Obama's election, here is one he probably never anticipated: at least 32 African-Americans are running for Congress this year as Republicans.
It's the biggest surge since Reconstruction, according to party officials.
The House has not had a black Republican since 2003, when J.C. Watts of Oklahoma left after eight years.
But now black Republicans are running across the country - from a largely white swath of beach communities in Florida to the suburbs of Phoenix, where an African-American candidate has raised more money than all but two of his nine (white) Republican competitors in the primary.
Party officials and the candidates themselves acknowledge that they still have uphill fights in both the primaries and the general elections, but they say that black Republicans are running with a confidence they have never had before.