The proposed Nallur Hotel in Jaffna by the Mercantile Bank of Sri Lanka has sparked off a public debate. At a public consultative meeting organized by the Mayor of Jaffna several weeks ago, Minister Douglas Devananda, who chaired this meeting, announced that the Mayor will make a final decision on this matter only after extensive research and further public consultation. I welcome this balanced decision by minister Devananda.
It is the duty of the Mayor to ensure that the public are adequately informed so that they can decide objectively rather than subjectively based on pre-conceived notions, emotions, political pressures or pure ignorance. It must be noted that the small number of people, who attended the first consultative meeting, estimated to be around 250, are largely polarized into different political parties. Therefore objective decision making was not possible. Very few young people and women were present although they in fact are the majority in the community and the older men were quite happy to highjack this meeting to speak on behalf of them.
The older men who spoke on behalf of the absent youth had the audacity to accuse our youth of being susceptible to all sorts of mischief after consuming alcohol from this hotel, which does not even have the provision for a public bar according to the plans displayed. What a damning judgement of our youth by a minority of old hypocritic and self opinionated men, who are so out of touch with young people and the problems they face!
The approach of old men in our society towards the young is unacceptably condescending, and insulting. I hope that young people will attend such public forums and challenge this unacceptable behaviour by the older people. We should learn to respect our youth and pass on our knowledge and experience (not prejudices) in a more constructive manner and also be prepared to listen and learn from them.
In the post war period we are in an era of development, which our people desperately need to recover from the ravages of war, death and destruction. We must clinch this opportunity to give a decent life to our people while paying due attention to preserving local heritage and historical landmarks. This will set the trend for all future developments in this area.
An environmental impact analysis (EIA) is the only scientific means to decide the appropriateness or otherwise of any scheme. This analysis needs the input of historians, archaeologists, planners, architects and engineers. EIA will consider, among other things, the following matters:
Preservation of local heritage and historical landmarks:
A team of historians, archaeologists and planners must be engaged to offer information and advice. The input of experienced engineers and architects, can produce creative and innovative designs to address heritage issues. Readers would remember the design of the Kandalama Hotel, built on a site which was declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO. I have seen this master piece, which is not only classed as one of the best 4 hotels in the world but is also the only ecological hotel in the world as far as I know. Everything in this hotel is recycled. The beauty of Sigiriya is not marred but in fact enhanced. People flock to see this hotel as much as the wonderful historic site of Sigiriya.
While the facilities provided in the proposed Nallur Hotel are largely acceptable, my main concern is with its architectural deficiencies. It is neither a tasteful "state of the art" modern structure nor one reflecting the local heritage. The front elevation lacks a unique architectural statement to reflect any of these aspects. Instead it looks more like any other ordinary tourist hotel. It is my view that at least the front elevation requires re-architecturing to reflect the three aspects referred to above. A sculptured work of art must be incorporated with a chosen theme, such as "unity in diversity", recognizing the rich multi-ethnic nature of Sri Lanka. This could be an integral part of the building’s front elevation or an independent sculpture. It is essential to be creative in all aspects of our work to reach the hearts and minds of people if we want to achieve the aim of a genuinely united Sri Lanka.
Pollution, noise, parking and traffic issues
Experienced engineers can iron out all these issues through innovative designs. These are easily solvable problems although they appear insurmountable to lay people.
Any nuisance to local neighbourhood and adverse effect on the character of the neighbourhood
These problems can easily be designed out by architects and engineers. There are numerous international examples to demonstrate this. The architects and designers can be made to design to our strict requirements. When the leaning Tower of Pisa was continuing to lean more and more to the point of collapse, it was closed to visitors for several years. The Italian government stipulated the condition that the lean must remain the same (neither reduced nor increased) and called for Engineering Consultants throughout the world to take part in a design competition to rescue this structure, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Professor Burland from Imperial College, an international expert in Soil Mechanics, won this design competition and under his engineering supervision this world famous iconic heritage structure was saved from collapse. The engineering community from all over the world was closely watching this ingenious rescue operation with astonishment. So anything is possible today with the very advanced state of science, engineering, architecture and preservation techniques of heritage structures.
Economic regeneration is necessary even in areas declared to be heritage sites. People in Rome, which is undoubtedly a world heritage city as well as a sacred city, earn their livelihood and survive economically because of the tourists who come from all over the world. There are hotels all over Rome to make this possible. Likewise there are a lot of hotels in Florence, which is the Art city of Europe. In India, which ever sacred or heritage city you go to, there is no shortage of hotels. It is the people who stay in such hotels who provide a livelihood to the numerous craftsmen in such areas.
Jaffna is at present economically unviable unless whatever attractions it has are exploited to the economic advantage of its people. Even the arts and craft industry in Jaffna is virtually dead. What we have now all around our famous temples, including Nallur, are fake plastic ornaments and other cheap goods. Art in this part of the world is in a very pathetic state. I am wondering what our King, Sankilian, did to promote art and culture in Jaffna during his reign apart from murdering and persecuting Catholics.
I am not defending the introduction of Christianity at the point of gun by the Portuguese but murdering human beings just because they are Catholics is nothing but barbarism. If we compare the intellectual, philosophical, cultural, artistic and architectural achievements of Emperors like Akbar and Asoka, Sankilian will look pathetically ordinary. Preserving Sankilian’s foot prints is necessary from a historical and archeological perspective but let us not over play the glory of Sankilian. We should also tell our people about the dark side of Sankilian’s history so that they can have a balanced view of his reign.
We have to make sure that our people are not left behind permanently as economic destitutes, needing to go to the west as refugees through our own negligent and unwise choices.
We cannot underestimate the need to create employment opportunities in Jaffna when we know clearly the limitations on agriculture due to our limited water resources. The fishing industry has unexploited potential and certainly needs to be developed. But overall, the economic shortfall cannot be questioned. Therefore we have no choice but to exploit all local resources as well as be a part of the southern and eastern economies of Sri Lanka for our survival. This is one of the main reasons apart from my cherished democratic political beliefs why I never supported the totally unviable Eelam separatist cry.
An objective and balanced decision regarding the development of the economy of Jaffna is a must for the survival of our people. If we go for any other line of thinking we will be guilty of driving our people into poverty, unemployment and misery. Those with education, land, wealth and foreign connections, who can survive under any circumstances, must not be allowed to make decisions at the expense of the have-nots and the disadvantaged and marginalized communities, who will suffer as a result of such decisions. Therefore active participation in such decision making by all, especially the downtrodden and marginalized communities, cannot be overemphasized.
It is reported that 47% of students have failed their GCE O/Ls this year. What solution do the wise old men, who condemned and belittled our youth at that meeting on the Nallur hotel project, have for these youth? They are going to be the unemployed of tomorrow as if there are not enough already!
If the Municipal Council and the Mayor uses the globally practiced "planning gains" concept to the advantage of the local people by imposing a number of enforceable conditions we can turn this hotel into an asset for Jaffna and its people – I mean gains such as a concert hall, a public gym and a swimming pool, treatment of sanitary effluent to potable water quality, avoidance of noise pollution, high level of food hygiene, lovely gardens all around, a recycling facility to make this also an ecological hotel like Kandalama etc. and it may be even possible to negotiate with the developer as part of the planning deal to restore one of the heritage sites (currently being allowed to perish) to its original glory. Incidentally there is not even a single swimming pool within the Jaffna Municipality.
Sankilian did build one for himself at Sankilian Thoppu but he never cared to build one for his beloved citizens! The aborted swimming pool project at Central College is now simply a disgraceful hole in the ground. I understand that the contractor had absconded with the money half way through the project. The community has a right to know what happened to this government initiated project and what is the future of this hole in the ground of a national school in Jaffna.
Such gains in essential facilities and restoration of heritage sites will set a new trend in Jaffna, where we have at present shameful levels of service, sanitary arrangements, rubbish collection and disposal and food hygiene in nearly all our hotels and food outlets.
Nallur is the place in Jaffna, where large numbers of Tamils and Sinhalese come on pilgrimage and to worship. What better place than Nallur to begin the task of national reconciliation and conflict resolution?
The first place the Presidential candidates, Presidents and Prime Ministers visit when they come to Jaffna is the historic Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, which would be a focal point for this noble task. So Nallur definitely needs a world class hotel for the devotees as well as others.
The proposed site for the Nallur Hotel is 800m from the Nallur Temple. It is far enough not to interfere with the sacredness of this temple and close enough for the devotees and visitors to walk to this temple from the hotel. So proximity wise it is almost ideal. If there are no hotels the visitors come in large numbers and stay in poorly converted houses all over Jaffna, in cramped conditions causing a great deal of nuisance to the public, causing parking, sanitary and noise pollution problems. This will certainly not promote inter-racial harmony. Hotels are the way forward, as long as they are sensitively designed, built and maintained under strict municipal guidelines.
I have heard from some Tamil nationalist extremists, which regrettably included a few Tamil government officers in very high positions, public utterances against the large numbers of poor Sinhalese families visiting Jaffna. Although such objectors represent a tiny minority they are capable of poisoning the minds of many Tamils. I am reminded here of white racists in Europe propagandizing that the black and Asian immigrants are the cause of all evils, unemployment, threat to white European culture (cultural pollution) etc. To cover up their racist motivations these Tamil nationalist extremists attribute their objections to a lack of hotel and infrastructure facilities in Jaffna.
If this is so they should be demanding more hotels and infrastructure rather than turning against the Sinhalese people. I therefore like to respond to these racist utterances by warmly welcoming all Sinhalese and Muslim visitors to Jaffna and at the same time demanding that the Jaffna Municipal Council and the Government provide decent hotels, accommodation and improved infrastructure facilities in Jaffna. Each provincial capital should consider providing information Centers with tri-lingual staff to advise visitors.
At present the Sinhalese visitors to Jaffna do not have the opportunity for any social/cultural intercourse with the Tamil community because of a lack of appropriate facilities and arrangements. So they rely purely on assistance from the army and the police, which defeats the whole point of the exercise. If anything, it reinforces and exacerbates the existing conflict.